CETA - 3. Services market and worker mobility (Fr)
CETA will make a significant contribution to opening up the services market. Better access to the financial services market is expected. In general, CETA aims to create a fair business environment that benefits consumers, with a regulatory system that is transparent to investors and businesses.
Certain sectors, such as health, public education, culture and other social services will however be excluded from the scope of the Agreement. Other exclusions will also be provided to allow preferential treatment of indigenous and minority populations.
Also, the prerogatives of governments to regulate and exercise their sovereign power over sensitive sectors such as the development of natural resources will be recognized.
1. Opening of the European Union services market
In 2012, the export of Canadian services to the EU was worth $14.5 billion. The following sectors, which are particularly attractive for Canadian exports, will become more attractive with CETA:
- Research and development
- Energy services
- Technical testing and analysis services
- Computer systems and information technology
- Environmental services
- Professional services, including:
- Urban planning.
2. The opening of the Canadian service market
In 2012, EU services exported to Canada were worth $16.8 billion. CETA provides access to new markets in several sectors, such as:
- Commercial dredging;
- Repositioning of empty containers;
- Investment in uranium (which will become less restrictive; see section on investments);
- Telecommunications (competitors should have better access to networks and services, and regulations should become more transparent and impartial).
Canadian provinces and territories will, however, have the discretion to set liberalization measures for certain service sectors such as architecture, engineering, and foreign legal advice, urban planning, commercial and tourism services, and not will therefore not be bound by CETA terms. However, for the sake of transparency, non-conforming measures will be listed.
3. Mobility of workers
The provisions of the EACG aim to increase the mobility of workers.
For example, Canada and the EU have agreed to mutually recognize a considerable number of professional qualifications. Also, the Agreement simplifies the temporary movement of company personnel between Canada and the EU by implementing more flexible mobility rules. This will assist enterprises to establish branches and branches in the territory of each Party, and to maintain services there.
Barriers to the international services market will be reduced (such as restrictions on investment, citizenship and residence).
CETA sets several provisions for temporary stay, such as:
- Reciprocal commitments, by sector and by member state, relating to independent professionals and suppliers of subcontracting services;
- Fixing of a minimum legal equivalent length of stay for the two Parties, duration which will vary according to the category of person (ex: intra-company transfers, short visits of business people etc.) These temporary stay arrangements are apply:
- Intra-company professionals;
- Visits to business people and investors for investment purposes;
- Subcontracting service providers and independent professionals on contract for a maximum duration of 12 months;
- Short-term business visitors, including after-sales and after-rental services.
© Weissberg & Weissberg 2015
All articles on CETA
All articles on CETA
1. Elimination of agricultural tariffs
2. Elimination of industrial tariffs
3. Services and labor mobility
5. Public procurement
6. Intellectual property
7. Sustainable development, environment and work
8. Dispute resolution and monitoring
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